February 20, 2017

What is Child Abuse & Neglect?

TransitSTLmetroFeb13When children are nurtured, they grow up to be happy and healthy adults. But when they lack an attachment to a caring adult, receive inconsistent nurturing, or experience harsh discipline, the long-lasting consequences can affect their health, well-being and relationships with others.

Child abuse and neglect often takes place in the home and come from a person the child knows well — a parent, relative, babysitter, or friend of the family. There are four major types of child abuse maltreatment. Although any of the forms may be found separately, they often occur together.

  • Neglect is failure to provide for a child’s basic needs.
  • Physical abuse is physical injury as a result of hitting, kicking, shaking, burning or otherwise harming a child.
  • Sexual abuse is any situation where a child is used for sexual gratification. This may include indecent exposure, fondling, rape or commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.
  • Emotional abuse is any patten of behavior that impairs a child’s emotional development and sense of self-worth, including constant criticism threats, and rejection.

More information at Child Welfare Information Gateway.
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